Dry Martini – The ‘Naked’ or ‘Direct’ Martini

The Dry Martini, also known as the 'Naked' or 'Direct' Martini, is a classic cocktail that has been enjoyed for centuries. It is a simple yet sophisticated drink made with just two ingredients: dry gin and dry vermouth. The perfect Dry Martini is a combination of the two spirits in equal parts, stirred with ice and strained into a chilled glass. It is a timeless classic that is sure to impress any guest. Try it for yourself and enjoy the perfect balance of dry gin and dry vermouth.

Dry Martini – The ‘Naked’ or ‘Direct’ Martini

The origin of the Dry Martini cocktail, also known as the 'Naked' or 'Direct' Martini, is widely debated among cocktail historians and enthusiasts. There are several theories, but no definitive answer to its exact origin. However, the Dry Martini has undoubtedly become one of the most iconic and classic cocktails of all time.

One theory suggests that the Dry Martini evolved from the Martinez, a cocktail that was popular in the mid-19th century. The Martinez typically consisted of gin, sweet vermouth, maraschino liqueur, and orange bitters. Over time, the recipe may have evolved to become drier, with less vermouth and other ingredients.

Another theory links the Dry Martini to the 'Martinez-type' cocktails that were mentioned in Jerry Thomas' 1887 book, 'The Bartender's Guide.' However, the specific recipe for a Dry Martini as we know it today was not included in the book.

Yet another theory suggests that the Dry Martini originated during the Prohibition era in the United States (1920-1933). Due to the ban on alcohol, there was a greater demand for cocktails that masked the taste of bootleg spirits. A drier version of the Martini, made with less vermouth, may have gained popularity during this time.

The term 'Dry Martini' itself can be traced back to the early 20th century, with 'dry' referring to the reduced amount of vermouth used in the cocktail. In contrast, a 'wet' Martini would contain a higher proportion of vermouth. The preference for a drier Martini gradually became more common.

Since its early history, the Dry Martini has been subject to numerous variations and personal preferences. Some prefer it stirred, while others prefer it shaken. The garnish can vary from a classic olive or lemon twist to more creative options such as a pearl onion (for a Gibson Martini). The ratio of gin to vermouth can also differ, ranging from 2:1 to 5:1, depending on personal taste.

Despite the ongoing debate surrounding its origin, the Dry Martini has established itself as a timeless and elegant cocktail that continues to be enjoyed by people all over the world.

Difficulty: Beginner



  1. 1. Place glass and bottle of gin in freezer for at least two hours before making drink.
  2. 2. An hour before making drink POUR water into frozen glass, swirl around to coat and place back in freezer. Preferably do this with a little of the water at a time. Continue to swill around during freeing process to coat the sides of the glass.
  3. 3. When ready to serve drink, POUR chilled vermouth into icy glass and swirl to coat with vermouth.


1. Choose the right ingredients: Use high-quality gin and vermouth for the best flavor. Opt for London Dry gin or a similar style that is not too sweet. Dry vermouth is recommended for a classic dry martini. 2. Chill your glass: Place your martini glass in the freezer for at least 15 minutes before serving. A chilled glass helps keep your cocktail colder for longer. 3. Measure carefully: Use a jigger or measuring tool to ensure you're adding the right proportions of gin and vermouth. The standard ratio for a dry martini is 2 parts gin to 1 part vermouth. 4. Stir, don't shake: Contrary to popular belief, a traditional dry martini should be stirred instead of shaken. Stirring gently and consistently helps maintain the clarity and smoothness of the cocktail. 5. Strain properly: After stirring, strain your martini into your chilled glass using a cocktail strainer. This ensures no ice or unwanted ingredients make it into the final drink. 6. Garnish with care: A dry martini typically calls for a lemon twist or olive as a garnish. If using a lemon twist, express the oils from the peel by squeezing it over the drink before adding it to the glass. If using olives, choose high-quality ones for the best flavor. 7. Experiment with vermouth ratios: While the classic dry martini ratio is 2:1 (gin to vermouth), feel free to adjust it to your taste. If you prefer an extra dry martini, use less vermouth. If you enjoy a slightly sweeter martini, increase the amount of vermouth. Just remember to strike a balance that suits your palate. 8. Try different garnishes: While lemon twists and olives are traditional choices, don't be afraid to explore other garnish options. Experiment with grapefruit twists, cocktail onions, or even a dash of bitters for a unique twist on the classic dry martini. 9. Use proper glassware: Serve your dry martini in a classic martini glass, also known as a cocktail coupe or V-shaped glass. The shape of the glass enhances the presentation and allows for savoring the aroma of the cocktail. 10. Stay true to your preferences: Ultimately, the perfect dry martini is a matter of personal taste. Feel free to adjust the recipe and ingredients based on your preferences, exploring different gins, vermouths, and garnishes until you find your ideal blend.
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